Woodworking handsaws designed for general cutting consist of RIPSAWS and CROSSCUT saws. Ripsaws are used for cutting with the grain and crosscut saws are for cutting across the grain.
The major difference between a ripsaw and a crosscut saw is the shape of the teeth. A tooth with a square-faced chisel-type cutting edge, like the ripsaw tooth shown in figure 1-61, does a good job of cutting with the grain (called ripping), but a poor job of cutting across the grain (called crosscutting). A tooth with a beveled, knife-type cutting edge, like the crosscut saw tooth shown in the same figure, does a good job of cutting across the grain, but a poor job of cutting with the grain.